TOP 250+ Depreciation Interview Questions and Answers 28 March 2023 Depreciation Interview Questions

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The company depreciated the asset at the rate of $20,000 per year for five years. If the machine is used for three more years, the depreciation expense will be $0 in each of those three years. During those three years, the balance sheet will report its cost of $100,000 and its accumulated depreciation of $100,000 for a book value of $0. The depreciation of assets such as equipment, buildings, furnishing, trucks, etc. causes a corporation’s asset amounts, net income, and stockholders’ equity to decrease. This occurs through an accounting adjusting entry in which the account Depreciation Expense is debited and the contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation is credited. The double declining balance method of depreciation, also known as the 200% declining balance method of depreciation, is a common form of accelerated depreciation.

  • Depreciation expenses a portion of the cost of the asset within the 12 months it was purchased and each year for the remainder of the asset’s helpful life.
  • Even in some cases, precious metals like gold, silver, and jewellery can also be considered non-depreciating assets.
  • While this seems logical, the company will end up reporting lower net income in the early years of the asset’s life (as compared to the use of straight-line depreciation).

Any inventory that expects to sell within a year of its production is a current asset. If a business sells something to another business, the transaction also usually takes the form of a line of credit, adding to accounts receivable. As usual, for these accumulated depreciation funds to be a current asset. In the case of bonds, for them to be a current asset they must have a maturity of less than a year; in the case of marketable equity, it is a current asset if it will sold or traded within a year. A current asset is any asset that will provide an economic benefit for or within one year.

And this amount remains unchanged for years to come to let users of financial statements know the price at which asset was bought. Before making any adjusting entries in your balance sheet, you need to determine certain criteria. Follow the steps below to ensure you make the right entry in your books. During their valuable lives, one can sell the business’s assets at any moment.

Sum-of-the-years Depreciation Method

It appears on the stability sheet as a reduction from the gross amount of mounted property reported. Any gain or loss above or under the estimated salvage value can be recorded, and there would now not be any carrying worth beneath the fastened asset line of the stability sheet. Accumulated depreciation has a credit balance, as a result of it aggregates the amount of depreciation expense charged in opposition to a fixed asset. This account is paired with the mounted assets line merchandise on the balance sheet, in order that the combined whole of the two accounts reveals the remaining guide worth of the fastened property. Over time, the amount of accumulated depreciation will increase as extra depreciation is charged against the mounted assets, resulting in an even decrease remaining e-book worth. The purpose of the journal entry for depreciation is to achieve the matching principle.

These are expenses that a company is likely to incur in the future and need to be recognized now. Examples of provisions include bad debt provisions, warranty provisions, and restructuring provisions. The majority of organisations depreciate assets using the straight-line technique for accounting purposes. The only one entry will be passed in books for Rs. 3.30 lacs DTL newly calculated. Accumulated depreciation is the total or cumulative depreciation amount of an asset. That is to say, this accumulation is since its purchase by the company and up to a specific …

The word Deferred is derived from the word ‘Deferments’ which means arranging for something to happen at a later date. Thus, deferred tax is the tax for those items which are accounted in Profit & Loss A/c but not accounted in taxable income which may be accounted in future taxable income & vice versa. For income tax purposes in the U.S., the Internal Revenue Service has determined the number of years that various assets will be useful and it assumes there will be no salvage value. The IRS also allows companies to take larger depreciation deductions in the earlier years and smaller deductions in the later years of the assets’ lives.

To illustrate straight line depreciation let’s assume that a company purchases equipment at a cost of $430,000 and it is expected to be used in the business for 10 years. At the end of the 10 years, the company expects to receive a salvage value of $30,000. If the asset is purchased in the middle of the accounting year there will be $20,000 of depreciation in the first and the eleventh accounting year and $40,000 in each of the years 2 through 10. Assuming a manufacturer purchases manufacturing equipment for $84,000 with the same life and salvage value, the $1,000 of monthly depreciation will be part of manufacturing overhead .

Straight Line Method

The florist’s income statement will report net income of $22,000 (revenues of $100,000 minus expenses of $78,000). Most companies will not use the double-declining balance method of depreciation on their financial statements. The reason is that it causes the company’s net income in the early years of an asset’s life to be lower than it would be under the straight-line method.

In your accounting information, straight-line depreciation can be recorded as a debit to the depreciation expense account and a credit to the accumulated depreciation account. Accumulated depreciation is a contra asset account, so it is paired with and reduces the fastened asset account. Accumulated depreciation is the total amount of a plant asset’s cost that has been allocated to depreciation expense because the asset was put into service.

Tax Saving Investment Made Simple

The straight-line depreciation method is one of the easiest and simple ways to make a journal entry for depreciation. Assets like printers or bottle-making machines work based on how many units they produce per day or hour, etc. The depreciation value of such assets needs to be calculated similarly. It includes the factor of how many units were produced during the asset’s useful life.

Accumulated depreciation are related to constructed assets such as buildings, equipment, workplace equipment, furnishings, fixtures, autos, and so forth. A company has only one depreciable asset that was acquired three years ago at a cost of $120,000. The asset is expected to have a useful life of 10 years and no salvage value.


Now the question is how to book the expense and at what value it should be represented in books of account at the end of the year. The quantity of an extended-term asset’s value that has been allocated, for the reason that time that the asset was acquired. The whole decrease in the worth of an asset on the stability sheet over time is accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is the gradual charging to expense of an asset’s value over its expected helpful life. A lot of people confusedepreciationexpense with really expensing an asset.


The $50,000 of annual depreciation is then assigned or allocated to products based on the number of hours that products use the machine. For example, if the manufacture expects 20,000 machine hours of use in the current year, then it assigns or allocates $2.50 ($50,000/20,000) per machine hour to each product using the machine. If Product #189 requires one hour of this machine’s time, Product #189 will have $2.50 as part of its indirect costs. Indirect manufacturing costs are also referred to as manufacturing overhead, factory overhead, or burden.

The assets should be adjusted for depreciation charged in order to depict the actual financial position. If depreciation is not accounted, the assets would be disclosed in financial statements at a value higher than their true value. Depreciation should be charged for the proper estimation of periodic profit or loss. This method is also useful as it hows the original cost of the asset, the accumulated dperecation and the book value of the asset. In case of small business concerns they directly deduct dpern from asset account. The cumulative depreciation of an asset up to a single point in its life.

ARRAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-K) –

ARRAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-K).

Posted: Wed, 22 Mar 2023 20:29:05 GMT [source]

Accountants now use Allowance for Doubtful Accounts or Allowance for Bad Debts instead of Reserve for Bad Debts. In the case of plant assets, Accumulated Depreciation is used in place of Reserve for Depreciation. An asset’s useful life is the period of time for which the asset will be economically feasible for use in a business. In other words, it is the period of time that the business asset will be in service and used to earn revenues.

Under this system, a fixed percentage of the diminishing value of the asset is written off each year so as to reduce the asset to its residual value at the end of its life. Before this question is answered specifically it will be good if we clear an important connected concept of historical cost. But generally depreciation entry will be passed at the enf of the year. The initial book value of the asset is the same as the cost of the asset. Occur during the asset’s useful life owing to obsolescence or other circumstances.

What is the difference between depreciation and accumulated depreciation?

The portion of the lump sum that is recorded in the Equipment account might be depreciated over 7 years. Small expenditures to improve office equipment are usually expensed immediately because of the materiality concept. This means the amount is so small that no one will be misled by having the entire amount appear immediately as an expense rather than appearing as depreciation expense over several years. Often improvements of less than $500 or $1,000 are considered immaterial and are expensed immediately. A fully depreciated asset cannot be revalued because of accounting’s cost principle, matching principle, and going concern assumption.


When the volume exceeds 500,000 units per year, the company will need to add fixed costs because of the additional space and the additional managers. Perhaps the total fixed costs will be $2,000,000 for output between 500,000 units and 700,000 units. To avoid this misunderstanding, the accounting profession recommended that the word reserve have a very limited use.

  • The depreciation of assets such as equipment, buildings, furnishing, trucks, etc. causes a corporation’s asset amounts, net income, and stockholders’ equity to decrease.
  • The account Accumulated Depreciation is reported under the asset heading of Property, Plant and Equipment.
  • One disclosure required by Statement 33 was the reporting of the effects of general inflation as indicated by the change in the consumer price index.

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The second disclosure reported the effects of the changes in the specific prices of inventory and property, plant and equipment. The purchase of a new machine that will be used in a business will affect the profit and loss statement, or income statement, when the machine is placed into service. At that point, depreciation expense will begin and there will likely be other expenses such as wages, maintenance, electricity, and so on.

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